FAQ Page2021-04-07T11:26:31+01:00
1. What is the reimbursement rate for a Twinning project? Is it the standard 100% for direct eligible costs and a flat 25% of direct costs for indirect costs (overheads) as with most other Horizon 2020 actions?2015-07-30T13:30:23+01:00
  • Yes, the standard cost reimbursement model (100%/25%) of Horizon 2020 applies for Twinning actions.
2. Can a proposal request a contribution below or above € 1 million?2015-07-30T13:31:53+01:00
  • Yes, however proposals are encouraged to be close to the range of € 1 million.
3. What is the minimum, typical and maximum duration of each project?2015-07-30T13:31:48+01:00
  • A Twinning project is foreseen to last for up to 3 years.
4. Can a proposal outline several defined areas of research or is it necessary to outline one defined area of research in one proposal?2015-07-30T13:31:41+01:00
  • The Work Programme specifies that “Twinning aims at significantly strengthening a defined field of research in a particular knowledge institution….”. Thus, a Twinning proposal must outline one defined area of research.
5. Is there any pre-financing for a granted Twinning project?2015-07-30T13:31:35+01:00
  • The exact percentage of pre-financing for Twinning projects has not been confirmed yet, but it is expected to be around 50%.
6. Concerning the participating institutions, can there be more than one (low performing) partner from a Widening Country? If yes, should the ratio of partners from Widening Countries versus non-Widening Countries be of around 50%?2015-07-30T13:31:29+01:00
  • Yes. As long as the minimum eligibility requirements are respected (i.e. the one coordinator from a Widening country and two advanced institutions from two different MS or AC), then additional partners are allowed according to the needs and objectives of each proposal. However, applicants need to bear in mind that as described in the Work Programme text, “…Twinning aims at significantly strengthening a defined field of research in a particular knowledge institution ….by creating a link between this institution and at least two internationally-leading research institutions….”.
  • There are no conditions or ideal ratio with respect to the balance of partners from Widening vis a vis non-Widening Countries.
6a. Is there a maximum or preferred number of partners in a Twinning proposal?2015-07-30T13:02:35+01:00
  • There is no maximum number of partners as long as the minimum eligibility requirements are respected. The Commission however considers that the number of partners in a Twinning project has to be kept to the minimum possible, in order to have the optimal effect on the low performing partner institution in the Widening Country. The intention of Twinning is not to create large networks, as this would risk diluting the expected effect on the low performing institution.
7. Where should the internationally-leading (advanced) institutions be established? Can the internationally leading institutions be established in the same country as the coordinator from the Widening country?2021-04-07T11:26:40+01:00
  • The internationally-leading (advanced) institutions can be established in any EU Member State or Associated Country to Horizon 2020.
  • As long as the minimum eligibility requirements are respected (i.e. there are at least two internationally-leading (advanced) institutions from two different countries other than that of the coordinator) then additional partners established in the same country as the coordinator are allowed.
8. Is there an added value in the consortium to have internationally-leading partners from non-Widening Countries rather than partners from Widening Countries?2015-07-30T13:31:08+01:00
  • The added-value depends on the quality of the partner organisation itself and not its location. If it is an internationally-leading partner and happens to be in a Widening Country this is perfectly possible. In any case, the qualities of this internationally leading partner should be well elaborated and demonstrated in the proposal.
9. Is there any requirement to “twin” with partners from stronger (or weaker) regions in terms of innovation performance in Widening Countries?2021-04-07T11:26:40+01:00

There is no such requirement foreseen in the Work Programme (WP). The WP text clearly states that the only eligibility criterion is that the coordinating partner is established in one of the Widening Countries.

10. Is there any limitation on the number of Twinning proposals submitted by each Widening country?2015-07-30T12:59:20+01:00

There are no restrictions on the number of Twinning proposals submitted by each Widening country.

11. Can an institution in a Widening country participate in two (or more) different Twinning proposals, in the one as a coordinator in order to strengthen their research potential and in the other proposal as an internationally-leading (advanced) institution?2015-07-30T12:58:52+01:00

Yes this is possible, however it may compromise the credibility of an organisation if it is acting both as a leading institution as well as a coordinator (unless of course the two proposals address different fields of science).

12. Is there any specific requirement on the nature of the organisation acting as the coordinator from the Widening Country?2015-07-30T13:09:04+01:00
  • No proposal will be disqualified on grounds of non-eligibility for having a coordinating organisation of an incorrect nature. However, as also described in the Work Programme, the coordinator is strongly encouraged to be a public or private research active university or a public or private non-profit research organisation.
13. Is there any specific requirement on the nature of the organisations acting as internationally-leading (advanced) partners?2015-07-30T13:08:33+01:00
  • No proposal will be disqualified on grounds of non-eligibility for having an internationally-leading organisation of an incorrect nature. However, as also described in the Work Programme, the internationally-leading organisations are encouraged to be public or private research intensive universities or research organisations.
14. Can enterprises (incl. research intensive companies and SMEs) participate in a Twinning proposal? Can they act as coordinators of Twinning proposals?2015-07-30T13:08:08+01:00
  • According to the Work Programme the main partners of a Twinning proposal are normally universities, research organisations, or private not for profit research institutions. However, once the minimum eligibility requirements are met, bringing in a company as an additional partner if properly justified is also possible.
  • Applicants should pay attention to the fact that a private, for profit, company should not be the coordinator of a Twinning project.
15. How is a research active or a research intensive university defined? For example can an institution that does not grant doctoral degrees, but is very active in R&D and has a history of significant EU projects be considered as research active or research intensive?2015-07-30T13:06:54+01:00
  • There is no pre-defined definition of research active or research intensive universities or research organisations for the objectives of this call. Also as specified before, no proposal will be disqualified on grounds of non-eligibility for having an organisation of an incorrect nature.
  • Having mentioned the above, in direct answer to the question, research should be a core activity of the institution and this has to be supported by sufficient evidence. The fact that an institution does not grant doctoral degrees while not compromising in itself is not however a good starting point
16. Is there any limitation on how many Twinning proposals one organisation from a Widening country can coordinate? Is there a limitation in how many proposals an internationally-leading partner can participate in?2015-07-30T13:06:21+01:00
  • There is no limitation on how many Twinning proposals one organisation from a Widening country can coordinate.
  • There is no limitation for an internationally-leading partner to be involved in several Twinning proposals.
17. Can an internationally leading (advanced) institution from a third country (e.g. USA) participate as an additional partner?2015-07-30T13:05:53+01:00